Speech delay, called speech difficulties, is one of the most common developmental problems in children. All children develop at different rates. However, some gains should manifest around the same age. Therefore, it is important to be vigilant to spot serious disorders in your child.

Children with language difficulties often manage to overcome these difficulties before entering school.

Speech difficulties occur when a child deviates from the normal developmental curve between the ages of 2 and 5. When the child has trouble learning new words or forming whole sentences that are appropriate for his age, this is called speech difficulty.

These disorders can manifest themselves in different ways. Difficulties pronouncing certain sounds correctly, developmental language disorders and even stuttering can occur. All this leads to difficulties in understanding.

When should we worry? what are the signs

A child aged 18 months to 3 years who is not always able to express himself well is completely normal as he is in the full learning process. However, it’s important to look out for signs that your child may need professional help.

From birth to 12 months

By paying attention to his/her reactions to the environment, it’s possible to spot some signs when your child is still a toddler.

– Does not react to ambient noise,

– Spend a few tweets,

– does not smile or smiles very little,

– He doesn’t like being hugged.

12 to 24 months

During this time, the child utters his first words. His 18-month vocabulary is about 50 words.

– Does not emit a variety of sounds,

– Doesn’t know your name and says neither father nor mother,

– Does not understand simple, routine instructions

– Do not use gestures to communicate, such as For example, pointing at an object or waving a greeting

– Try not to repeat what he heard,

– Becomes obsessive about a particular sound or toy and ignores others.

2 years to 2.5 years old

By this age, your child should be able to say between 50 and 100 words. In addition, he has to pronounce new ones every day.

– speaks a few understandable words,

– communicates only with gestures,

– Only understands routine words like bath, sleep, juice, outside,

– Does not imitate animal sounds.

2.5 to 3 years old

This is the age at which the child is developing language.

– He doesn’t understand the questions he has to choose. For example: “Do you want to go to the park or play at home?” remains indifferent to such a question.

– does not understand simple daily instructions,

– Do not try to associate words with surrounding images or objects.

3 to 4 years old

By age 3, your child should be able to structure their sentences better.

– “Who?” Doesn’t seem to understand simple questions like

– Not understanding basic terms such as “up/down” or “small/big”.

– communicates with gestures as if talking is too difficult for him,

– Rarely says 3-word sentences,

– Repeats the question instead of answering it.

4 to 5 years old

By the age of 4, your child understands almost everything that is said to them and follows multi-action instructions. He can also take part in long conversations.

– speaks inconsistently or constantly searches for words,

– Has difficulty naming and recognizing colors,

– Has difficulty answering open-ended questions that prompt him to develop an answer.

– Has difficulty holding a conversation

– Has difficulty understanding spatial prepositions such as “above/below”.

How can you help your child learn languages?

– Put yourself on his level when you talk to him.

– Speak slowly so he can understand all the words in your sentences.

– When correcting your child, repeat the section slowly and emphasize the difficult word.

– Give him time to express himself, even if he doesn’t go fast enough for you.

– Regularly expose him to other children his age.

– Name and describe the objects it points to.

If you have concerns about your child’s speech development, don’t hesitate to consult your pediatrician or even a speech therapist. Both can help your child overcome these challenges.

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