There are three main phases of hair growth. The period during which hair grows and multiplies is called the anagen, the period during which it regresses is called the ketogenic phase, and the period during which it falls is called the telogen phase.
The telogen phase is the resting phase of the hair. This period lasts an average of 30-90 days and hair falls out during this time. It is normal for a person to lose around 100 strands of hair per day.
An excessive increase in this number is considered hair loss. Hair loss occurs for various reasons. Hormonal or genetic hair loss, which we call male type, general hair loss, which is called telogen hair loss, hair loss caused by diseases of the scalp and hair loss caused by incorrect cosmetics applied to the hair are the most important of these reasons.
In shedding, known as telogen shedding, shedding is seen throughout the hair. There is an excess of hair follicles entering the telogen period. Nutritional deficiencies, strict diet, hormonal problems, febrile illnesses, acute blood loss, some medications used, thyroid disorders, chronic diseases are among the reasons that cause this type of hair loss.
Iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, zinc, biotin, vitamin D, tests related to some rheumatological diseases can be requested in patients with general hair loss symptoms. It should be noted that stress also has an influence on the formation of this dandruff.
Male pattern baldness is genetic hair loss that develops through the action of hormones. It is under the influence of androgen hormones, and the hereditary structure is also effective in its development. It is considered to be an opening in the entire area of hair in women; In men, it starts on the forehead, emerges on both sides, and appears as a thinning in the top part of the hair.
It occurs most often in men between the ages of 20 and 30, but it can also begin in later years. Some hormonal issues in women can cause this type of hair loss.
Hormonal imbalances should be investigated in female patients with male pattern baldness. Especially male hormones, adrenal hormones, thyroid hormones, milk hormones should be researched and treatment of these problems started.
Some diseases that settle in the scalp cause hair loss by damaging the hair root. In diseases of the scalp, in addition to hair loss, there are other symptoms such as redness, itching, dandruff and dandruff.
With this type of hair loss, it is important to diagnose early and start treatment early. Delaying treatment can lead to permanent hair loss. Starting treatment early will help maintain healthy hair by preventing the disease from progressing.
External substances applied to the hair cause hair loss by damaging the hair follicles. Hair dyes, straightening irons, hair gels and hair mousse increase the brittleness of the hair and increase hair loss with prolonged and frequent use.
How to address patients with hair loss?
In a patient with hair loss, the type of hair loss is first determined. Appropriate examinations are carried out regardless of the type of hair loss. In a patient with generalized hair loss, some blood tests will be requested for a possible cause.
If hair loss is suspected due to a disease of the scalp, a biopsy of the scalp is taken and the disease diagnosed. Treating the disease prevents damage to the new hair follicles. A detailed anamnesis of the hair products used by the patients is collected. If an incorrect hair product is used, the patient is advised to cut it.
What methods are used in the treatment of hair loss?
When the cause is identified in patients with hair loss, the primary cause is treated. If a vitamin deficiency is identified, the deficiency is corrected, and if a hormonal problem is identified, patients are referred to an endocrinologist or obstetrician. If nutritional deficiencies are identified, supplementation is undertaken. If necessary, patients are referred to a nutritionist and their eating habits are regulated.
There are products with herbal ingredients to stop hair loss. Although the scientific effectiveness of some of them has been proven, their effectiveness alone may not be enough. They can be used as an adjunct to treatments.
One method used to reduce hair loss and revitalize existing hair is hair mesotherapy. In hair mesotherapy, vitamins, minerals and blood circulation-enhancing drugs are injected directly into the hair roots. The drugs used are safe.
The application takes place without the need for anesthesia. While there are frequent applications at the beginning, the intervals become longer in the following sessions. It has to be done in safe hands. When the treatment is complete, a reduction in hair fall and fullness in the hair are achieved.
Another method of treating hair loss is PRP. In the PRP procedure, the growth factor components in the blood are purified using specific procedures. It is then injected into the scalp. The aim is to increase blood flow to the scalp, provide more oxygen, develop hair follicles and ensure hair strand growth.
Since the application takes place with an extract from the human’s own blood, it is extremely safe and free of side effects. It should be repeated at regular intervals.