How are skin spots treated? We provide you with the right information with laser technology for the treatment of skin blemishes and explanations of the treatment method according to the skin type.
Diseases with patches on the skin are quite common. Sun rays, hormones, birth control pills and hormones taken during IVF treatment, a variety of medications and even cosmetics are the most common causes of spotting.
It can also occur in response to trauma and various skin conditions. Laser and chemical peel treatments that are not performed in experienced hands can also cause stains.
The most common skin blemishes in general; Freckles, sun spots, pregnancy spots, also called melasma (even without pregnancy!), spots caused by various cosmetics and plants, spots that appear after acne and skin wounds.
Sometimes, however, skin spots can also appear as a sign of skin cancer. Especially if the spot is of different shades, is asymmetrical, and has irregularities around the edges, if there are signs such as bleeding, itching, crusting, or open sores, the person should definitely see a dermatologist about skin cancer. But to reiterate, skin cancer accounts for a small proportion of blemishes.
How are skin spots treated? What are the stain treatment methods?
There are a variety of treatment methods for spot treatment. However, not every treatment is suitable for every patient! Our skin type and the depth of the blemish are the two most valuable considerations when choosing a treatment. Skin types vary in the middle from 1-6, 1; While they are classified as having very fair skin, red, freckled and colored eyes, 6 are classified as a black race.
The most common skin types in our country are 3 and 4. In other words, it is wheat and brown skin and, unfortunately, spots are more often observed on these skin types. Due to the skin type we have and as a country that is generally heavily exposed to the sun, the number of people with skin tags is quite high in our country.
The depth of the stain is another important consideration when choosing a treatment. However, the depth of the stain cannot be determined with the naked eye. The depth of the stain can be determined by viewing with a wood light, which is a special light.
If the stain is superficial, our job will be easier. Procedures are used that make a superficial peeling process, our sessions are repeated every 3 weeks depending on the course. However, if there is a deep-seated stain, mutual patience and time is required.
In general, peeling creams and serums, various chemical peels, mesotherapy and PRP applications with spot whitening, as well as high-tech lasers and light systems (IPL, BBL) are used alone or in combination in spot treatments.
The enzyme peeling technology developed in recent years is a valuable treatment method that can be used to remove all types of stains on the skin, thus increasing the success of stains.
What is an enzyme peel?
They are spot lightening systems that suppress the enzyme tyrosinase, which plays a fundamental role in intensifying skin color. This is precisely why it got its name, because it provides enzymatic suppression, reducing the amount of melanin in the skin and removing the stain. In addition to suppressing the mechanism that causes stains to form, it also suppresses the mechanism that causes new stains to form.
It contains a large number of active items with stain-opening properties. These problems are; Azelaic Acid, Kojic Acid, Phytic Acid, Ascorbic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Glycolic Acid and Arbutin. The effectiveness of these topics has been proven by numerous studies.
Also, because it doesn’t contain exfoliating acids like TCA (trichloroacetic acid), the risk of side effects is minimal. Its biggest advantage is that it can be applied to all types of skin spots. It is also effective on spots called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, the most tiring of dermatologists. These stains are very resistant stains and often arise after improper application by non-specialized hands.
There are two types of enzyme peeling technologies, Cosmelan and Dermamelan. Your dermatologist will decide which one to apply depending on the depth of the stain.
How is Cosmelan – Dermamelan Enzyme Peel applied?
The Cosmelan – Dermamelan System is available in single packs. It contains a cleanser that removes dirt and make-up from the skin, an enzyme peeling mask, a repair cream, a follow-on cream and a high protection sunscreen. First the skin is cleaned. The mask is applied to the entire problem area by your doctor. More is applied to the areas where the stain is more noticeable. This mask remains in the application area for an average of 8-12 hours depending on the person’s skin texture and the depth of the stain. After this time, it is cleaned with warm water and repair cream. Day care and sunscreen should be applied during the day as recommended by the doctor. Be sure to use the follow-up cream regularly for 6 months. Sunscreen should always be used in summer and winter. One third of the mask can be reapplied after 1 month depending on what your doctor offers.
What is observed on the skin after Cosmelan – Dermamelan enzyme peeling?
A slight reddening of the skin is normal. Mild itching, burning, edema and scaling may occur, especially in those with sensitive skin. With the repair cream, these findings are reduced. All symptoms disappear in an average of 2-7 days. This does not affect work and social life.
When does the effect of Cosmelan – Dermamelan Enzyme Peeling become apparent?
1 week after applying the mask, the spots begin to open. After 2-3 weeks, skin appears much healthier, refreshed and radiant. At the end of the 3rd week, around 80% of the places are free. Full opening of the spots is observed within 4-6 weeks.