Hoarseness is a very common condition. Hoarseness causes hoarseness and changes in tone and timbre. Hoarseness should not be confused with aphonia, another health problem that leads to complete loss of voice.

Hoarseness, or dysphonia, can have many different causes, but most often it is a cold-related condition and will go away on its own within a few days.

If the hoarseness persists, the problem may be chronic or related to more serious medical conditions and should not be underestimated or ignored.

Symptoms of hoarseness

Hoarseness is a symptom of a mild or severe illness. Various conditions can also be added to this disorder, e.g. B. A feeling of tiredness when speaking. You may feel something stuck in your throat, you may feel a burning sensation or a classic itching sensation in your throat.

The most common symptoms of hoarseness are:

– Tiredness when speaking

– burning in the throat,

– muffled voice,

– foreign body sensation in the throat,

– Sore throat.

This problem is more common among smokers and people who use their voice for business purposes, such as E.g. teachers, call center operators, singers or tour guides.

The 11 most common causes of hoarseness

What can cause hoarseness? Hoarseness can be a symptom of illnesses like the common cold or bronchitis, but it can also be caused by other conditions like laryngitis, reflux, or even the presence of a tumor.

It is important to determine whether the problem is due to temporary and mild causes or, conversely, to chronic hoarseness due to more worrying causes.

Remember that a hoarse and hoarse voice does not always indicate the presence of a serious illness, but still especially if it lasts for several days without going awayis something that should not be ignored.

Here are the 11 most common medical conditions that cause hoarseness:


Laryngitis is inflammation of the vocal cords and larynx. Inflammation can be caused by viruses, respiratory infections, chronic illnesses, allergies, or the common cold and can cause many different symptoms.

The most common symptoms of laryngitis are hoarseness, sore throat, and a feeling of itching and dryness in the throat. Difficulty breathing can also occur.

a cold

Hoarseness and phlegm are among the symptoms of a cold that usually get better on their own within a few weeks. However, hoarseness can also be caused by other conditions such as tonsillitis and bronchitis.


Gastroesophageal reflux is a condition that can cause hoarseness along with other symptoms such as shortness of breath and a feeling of phlegm and phlegm in the throat. Symptoms are most intense in the morning and may improve as the day progresses.


Both mental and physical stress can be one of the causes of hoarseness.

Thyroid diseases

Hoarseness can also be caused by thyroid disorders such as autoimmune disorders (Hashimoto’s disease) or by goiter or thyroid dysfunction such as hypothyroidism. In such cases, a specialist should be consulted to determine the cause of the problem and the most appropriate treatment.

fatigue of the vocal cords

Possible causes of hoarseness include fatigue in the vocal cords. Often this problem is caused by prolonged screaming or loud talking, for example during a football game.


It is perfectly normal for your voice to become hoarse as you age. The structures of the larynx change with age and this can lead to changes in tone and pitch (presbiphonia).

nodules or polyps

The presence of noncancerous growths such as polyps or nodules on the vocal cords can also cause hoarseness. Often the underlying problem is an injury, such as intense screaming. Conditions such as inhaling irritants or reflux can also cause the problem.

vocal cord paralysis

Voice changes, wheezing, difficulty breathing, and an inability to move the muscles that control the vocal cords can indicate vocal cord paralysis. Brain disease, Parkinson’s disease, or nerve damage can cause this condition.


Although hoarseness is not one of the first and most important symptoms of the disease caused by the coronavirus, it is one of the more common symptoms.


Some cancers are also among the most serious causes of hoarseness. Hoarseness can indicate cancers such as larynx, esophageal, and thyroid cancer.

If you notice an unusual hoarseness in your voice that doesn’t improve within a few days, be sure to see a specialist.

Natural remedies for hoarseness

What to do with hoarseness? Treatment mainly depends on the underlying cause. In general, remedies for hoarseness include not straining your voice, speaking only when necessary, and avoiding whispering.

It’s also helpful to drink plenty of water to keep your throat moist and avoid irritating beverages like alcohol, caffeine, and fizzy drinks. Also ventilate the rooms well to avoid dry air.

You can try these tips to ease the discomfort:

– Ginger tea has a soothing effect on the throat with its anti-inflammatory and purifying properties.

– You can gargle with warm salt water. It is useful for disinfecting the mouth and throat.

– You can try chamomile tea, which will help you cough up phlegm and clear your airways.

– You can try aniseed, mint or eucalyptus pastilles to soothe the discomfort and refresh the throat.

– Warm milk and honey are one of the most effective remedies for colds and hoarseness.

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